The United States' presidential election campaigns are in full swing. The right-leaning Republican Party is in the process of finishing its primaries and caucuses in order to decide who will be the front-runner against President Barack Obama, who is a Democrat. This year, Election Day will take place on Tuesday, November 6, 2012.
Obama's popularity in the US is difficult to gauge. His administration has the bragging rights for the capture and killing of Al Qaeda leader and September 11, 2001 mastermind Osama Bin Laden. Obama also kept his promise to the American people by removing the last troops from Iraq. He put into place a controversial new health care plan which has been nicknamed "Obamacare" by many Americans. With unemployment still high, around 8 percent, some of his supporters have grown disillusioned while others remain staunch.
The Republican Party's primaries and caucuses are decided by state with a certain amount of delegates going to each candidate. The Republican nominee must have 1,144 delegates at the Republican National Convention by this summer in order to run against the incumbent on Election Day. Romney is currently leading with the most number of delegates.
The Republican candidates for nominee are former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney, former Pennsylvania senator Rick Santorum, former House Speaker Newt Gingrich and current Texas representative Ron Paul.
Romney is known as more of a right-leaning moderate and Santorum seems to be the evangelical conservative favorite. Gingrich is a strong conservative but an old face, and Paul, the oldest candidate, has extremely Libertarian viewpoints that are popular with young people and college students in the US.